INTRODUCTION TO CAVE
- Cavern diver certification.
- Minimum of 25 logged non training dives.
- Minimum age 18.
- Approximately 6 hours of classroom work.
Lectures from a prior cavern course MAY be credited at the sole discretion
of the instructor.
- Review of medical aspects, dive tables,
use & misuse of dive computers.
- The cave environment, cave diving techniques
including buoyancy control & body positioning.
- Communication, accident analysis, and
emergency procedures/situation management.
- Recognition of potential stress/emergency
- Psychological aspects of Cave diving -
these include stress, attitude, awareness, reaction to & building tolerance
to stress in self & others, stress management & philosophy.
- Cave conservation
- Guide lines & guide line techniques
- Reel usage.
- Dive planning and gas management.
- Equipment and equipment configurations.
- Inert gas narcosis & physiology.
- Cave referencing & navigation.
- Philosophy of SAFE cave diving
- Proper use of guide lines & reels.
- Techniques for following guide lines.
- Touch contact procedures.
- Lost Line / Lost diver drills.
- Use of line markers.
Confined water Skills
- Following a guideline with blacked out
mask or loss of visibility.
- Sharing gas, first with vision, then with
- Touch contact - may be incorporated with
- Following a guideline without a mask.
- Reel usage.
- Proficency with modified flutter kick,
shuffle kick, modified frog kick while maintaing correct cave position &
- Students earning certification will show
satisfactory performance in ALL skills listed. Students will complete a minimum
of 4 cave dives and at the instructors' discretion an open water evaluation
dive. Students using double tanks will use 1/6 air rule. After certification
at this level students are only qualified/certified to dive in single tanks.
- Bottom time for dives is minimum 20 minutes.
- Cave dives will be conducted in at least
2 diferent entrances.
- I will attempt to show you different cave
configurations as well as varying volumes of flow.
- Equipment checks & "S" drills
are to be performed prior to every dive.
- The 4 dives are a minimum.
Skills to be performed in the
- Proper finning & propulsion techniques.
- Proper body positioning & buoyancy
- Use of reel & guideline.
- Touch contact.
- Gas sharing.
- Communication with light & hand signals.
- Cave familiarization.
- Use of line arrows.
- Lost Diver procedures.
- Lost Line procedures.
- Stress detection & management.
- Cave conservation & techniques.
- Simulated Emergencies:
- Sharing gas while exiting the cave.
- Lost visibility, touch contact, team
- Lost visibility, out-of-gas, touch
contact line following as donor & receiver for a distance of at least
- Diver lost from line/team.
- Broken/lost line.
- Primary light failure - exiting on
smallest a backup.
- gas valve management. Diver practices
turning off/on valves simulating various regulator/valve failures.
- All drills will be conducted during the
exit-No life support gear will be removed during these simulated emergencies.
- Divers must concentrate of developing
awareness of team members and the guideline. Divers must demand good technique
for the safety and efficiency of thr other divers and self as well as for
preservation of the cave environment.
- Dive #1 600 feet penetration. All succeeding
dives no penetration limit - max depth 100 feet.
- 1/3 gas rules for divers on single tanks.
1/6 gas rule for divers on doubles.
- Minimum starting visibility 30 feet.
- Minor restrictions are OK-no major restrictions.
- These 4 dives are a MINIMUM.
- Minimum 80 cubic feet gas with dual outlet
valve. (may be rented from Jim)
- Power fins with spring straps - or conventional
- 7 foot hose.
- Two single hose, HIGH PERFORMANCE regulators.
These must have been serviced in the past 12 months or less.
- Power inflator.
- Back plate & wing HIGHLY reccommended.
- Octopus inflation system is not allowed.
- Small knife or cutting device.
- Primary light(may be rented from Jim)
& 2 backups.
- Dive tables - computer HIGHLY reccommended.
If no computer you must have a timing device
and a depth gauge.
- Line arrows
- Appropriate exposure protection. Water
Temp here is from 64-72° F. I dive dry.
- DAN or equivalent diver protection insurance.
Cave diving is a very demanding & gear
intensive pursuit....your life, and perhaps mine depends on your gear. Choose
your gear wisely.
If you have questions about gear choices
call me. If you need to purchase gear let me know - we can take care of that
for you as well.
Also please note: Most Local Dive Shops do
not have a clue what is suitable gear for cave diving. Some will sell you gear
that has no place in a cave. Call me in advance of gear purchases.
Call Jim at 352-363-0013